Weissenberger, L. K., Budd, J. B., & Herold, K. R. (Accepted). Epistemology beyond the brain. Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology (JASIST).

Abstract: Recent and emerging viewpoints in embodiment and knowledge necessitate a re-examination of epistemology within and beyond the brain. Taking a socio-cultural approach, this paper covers two main types of epistemology beyond the brain, namely embodied epistemology and non-individualist epistemology. Using citizen science and music to illustrate related concepts of intuition, experience, and embodiment, this paper describes intuition as a cultural system, beyond a purely individual possession. We describe how–in cultural practices such as music–intuition acts as mediator between knowledge and embodiment, and, intuition is built and modified by experience over time. Building upon Dick’s (1999) notion of “holistic perspectivism,” we pose a holistic epistemology approach which embraces knowledge that extends well beyond the purely cognitive, in both embodied situations and systemic manifestations. As information research becomes increasingly interested in the role of the body and its relationship to information, knowledge, intuition, and memory, we argue such an approach will uncover further dimensions of non-individualist, systemic, and embodied knowledge.


Weissenberger, L. K. (2016). “Windows” of time: Memory, metaphor, and storytelling as documents. Proceedings from the Document Academy, 3(1), Article 11. [Open Access]

Abstract: A recent exploratory study with music practitioners of various traditions explored, among other areas, how these musicians view knowledge building and sharing. As these music practitioners discussed knowledge building practices and musical experience within their traditions, memories, metaphors, and stories emerged as powerful devices; they served as documents to support practitioners’ views on time, knowing, and music making. Memories, metaphors, and stories contain properties of documents when employed by musicians to share culture-specific information (Weissenberger, 2015b). Drawing from Frohmann’s (2004) informativeness of documents, and building on more recent work by Turner (2007), these “alternative documents” contain materiality, reproducibility, institutionalization, and structure to support these practitioners’ temporal epistemologies. Weissenberger (2015b) discussed memory, metaphor, and storytelling as documents within apprentice – master musician relationships. The study described here, conducted with musicians from various world traditions, demonstrated additional value of these alternative documents: their ability to provide evidence of changing epistemic perspectives over time.


Weissenberger, L. K. (2015). Traditional musics and ethical considerations of knowledge and documentation processes. Knowledge Organization 42(5), 290-295.

Abstract: This paper describes ethical considerations surrounding traditional music knowledge and documents, both from the author’s experiences as apprentice to a renowned Irish fiddler, and from other music practitioners. Frohmann’s (2004) informativeness of documents, Turner’s (2007) oral documents, and writings of Briet and Otlet provide the theoretical underpinnings necessary to argue for and describe alternative documents: memory, metaphor, and storytelling. Examples of these alternative types of documents from the Irish music tradition and other world music traditions provide a basis for examining knowledge and documentation practices in traditional musics. Additional challenges for knowledge organization and traditional musics are related to attribution and ownership, as well as secrecy and privacy. What might be termed an “ethics of evidence” unites these traditional music knowledge and documentation issues into a single challenge for knowledge organization.

Weissenberger, L.K. (2015). Toward a universal, meta-theoretical framework for music information classification and retrieval. Journal of Documentation, 71(5), 917-937.

Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to present a new framework for representing music for information retrieval that emphasizes socio-cultural aspects of music. Philosophical and theoretical concepts related to the nature of music, aboutness, musical works are explored as they inform how music is represented. Multidisciplinary perspectives on music information representation, classification, and retrieval provide insight into how information science can better accommodate music information within its disciplinary boundaries. A new term, music information object (MIO), is presented and defined. Downie’s (2003) theoretical statements are reconceptualized into a theory of representational incompleteness and three meta-classes for music information object representation. This new framework incorporates more dimensions of music representation than existing frameworks allow and can facilitate comparisons between classifications of MIO representations by music practitioners, scholars, and system developers. The meta-classes form a much-needed theoretical framework for classifying and defining MIOs from any musical tradition for retrieval. This fills a gap in music information retrieval research, which lacks a theoretical framework that can accommodate musics from all traditions without attempting to organize them according to a western-centered understanding.


McClure, C. R., Mandel, L. H., & Weissenberger, L. K. (2012). Designing a user and usage database to promote, market, and demonstrate the value of selected statewide databases: The Florida Electronic Library as an example. Library Management, 33(6), 365-373. doi: 10.1108/01435121211266168

Abstract: This paper aims to overview the development of a user and usage database, including multiple datasets that were combined to achieve multi‐faceted analysis of users and their usage of the Florida Electronic Library (a statewide, licensed database). Because of the differences in the purposes and activities among the project’s five phases, the research team employed a multi‐method approach to data collection, including content analysis of datasets, usability and functionality assessments of the beta database, and cross‐tab and descriptive statistical analyses of datasets in the final database. Researchers found first that, although numerous potential datasets existed, not all could be collated into one interactive database due to variations in measurement levels, currency, and other factors. Ultimately, the database included usage and Census data, allowing the researchers to assess usage per capita and in the context of counties’ demographic profiles. The research finds that creation of a multi‐dataset database can be complicated but is useful for developing data‐driving marketing recommendations. Compiling various datasets describing users and usage of a consortial licensed database into one interactive database facilitates cross‐tabulation and comparison. This project will enhance digital library research, evaluation, and marketing by serving as an example of how to identify appropriate datasets for cross‐tabulation, develop a database that allows interactive searching, use the database to develop targeted marketing campaigns, and better describe impacts and value of these datasets.

Published Dissertation

Weissenberger, L. K. (2016). Investigating music information objects (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from ProQuest Dissertations and Theses. (10120681) Also available open access through DigiNole repository, Florida State University.

For conference papers, please see my Presentations section.